Learn useful chord progressions

guitar chords in sequenceA chord progression is a sequence of chords. Three, four, five chords or so following after each other forms a progression. It is easy in theory, but the delicate aspect is to find great, and perhaps original, combinations.

On this page you will be presented to typical chord progressions. It starts with fundamental and easy progressions that include few chords and continues with progressions with more chords (the first in most categories is presented by diagrams; otherwise, the chord names can be clicked on if you need to look them up).

See also Chord progressions in famous songs.

Progressions with 3 chords

Common progressions using only three chords:

Chord diagram for progression
D, G, A

DGA

G – C – D

A – D – E

So far, only major chords have been involved – let’s add some minor chords ...

Progressions with 4 chords (including minor chords)

Common progressions using four chords:

Chord diagram for progression
Em, C, D, G

Em – C – D – G

Am – E – F – C

C – Dm – G – Am

FBbGm – C

In longer progressions, there is often a need for mixing major and minor chords.

Progressions including 7th chords

7th chords can create some flavor  to progressions.

Chord diagram for progression
D, F#7, G

D – F#7 – G

Am7 – E7 – Dm7 - G7

Chord streams

A category of progressions that involve diatonic chords that follows the scale order:

Chord diagram for progression
C, Dm, Em, F

C – Dm – Em – F

G – Am – Bm – C – D

Chord progressions as outro

When ending a song, the standard way is to return to the root of the key. There are some common progressions for this, including that is called cadence:

F – G – C

C – D – G

AbBb – C

Another ending concept is to involve a chromatic chord movement:

D7 - C#7 - C7 - G7

Another ending concept is to modulate the IV chord from major to minor:

C - Cm - G

Another ending concept is the circle progression, based on descending fifth intervals:

E7 - A7 - D7 - G

A7 - D7 - G7 - C

Progressions including chords with altered bass note

Chords with an alternate bass note can enrich chord progressions.

Chord diagram for progression
Dm, Dm/C, G/B

Dm – Dm/C – G/B

G – G/F# – Em

G – Em – Em/B – C – G/D – D – D/A – G

See inverted chords and slash chords for more diagrams.

Progressions including major to dominant changes

Shifting between major and dominant is one way to create variation in the harmony.

C – C7 – Fmaj7 – Dm7 – Gmaj7 – G

Progressions including pedal points

In progressions with many chords in a row using the same bass note:

Chord diagram for progression

A/D - G/D - F#m/D - D

Notice that the shapes, which otherwise are identical, has their bass notes on different frets.

Progressions including chromatic chords

Chromatic chords are chords that don't belong to the key, but can be used as in-between chords:

C7 – F#7 – F7

Em9 – D#m7b5 – Dmaj7

F#7 and D#m7b5 are here used as chromatic chords.

Chord progressions for blues

A common progression you can use to get a blues feeling is this:

Chord diagram for progression
E7, A7, B7

E7 – A7 – E7 – B7 – A7 – E7

Try to strum four times at each chord and give extra accent to the first and third beat. As you can see, we are using so-called dominant chords here. Try the same chord sequence without a seventh note, and you will lose the blues sound.


A bonus chord progression comes here with some minor blues:

Em – Am – Em – B7 – Am – Em

Almost like the one before but still a completely different thing.

Progression for jazz

Let’s get a little more sophisticated with these next sequences.

Dm7 – G7 – Cmaj7

To really get the jazzy sound from your guitar you are advice to learn jazz chords. Let’s take another sequence, based on the same intervals:

Bm7 – E7 – Amaj7

Progressions for rock style

This progression is associated with classic rock:

E - D - A - E

To get a rock sound you only need three barre chords:

Eb – Bb – Ab

Here you need to use barre chords to bring the “fat” rock sound to it, omit the highest e-string. Begin with Eb using an A shape and use an E shape for Bb and Ab.

Instead for barre chords, power chords can be used for a sound more familiar with hard rock:

Eb5 – Bb5 – Ab5

Progression for ballads

Chains of chords that could serve in ballads …

Chord diagram for progression
Cmaj7, Cadd9, Aadd9, Dm7, G7

Cmaj7 – Cadd9 – Aadd9 – Dm7 – G7

D7 - Gmaj7Em7Am7

Even more color could be added by, for example, substituting Em7 with Em13 and Am7 with Am11 in the second progression.

Progressions for flamenco

A typical chord sequence in Spanish and flamenco music:

Am – G – F – E

Longer progressions

Here are some examples with longer sequences:

G – D – C – G – C – D – G

D – A – BmF#m – G – A – D

G – Bm – Em – C – G – D – Am – C – G

Dm7 – G7 – Cmaj7Fmaj7Bm7b5 – E7 – Am

Notice that most progressions starts and ends with the same chord. This is not a must, but in most cases it will sound better if the sequence uses a tonal center. Another "trick" utilized in the three examples above is to use the V chord (see degrees) before the last, because it resolves perfectly into the I chord.

Miscellaneous chord progressions

Other progressions:

F – G – C – E

Em – Bm – C – D – G

D – Dmaj7 – G – Gmaj7

D – D/B – A – F#m – Em7 – A7 – D

F – C – A – Dm – Bb – C – F

You can use all progression you find on this site in your own songs if you wish; chord progressions can't be copyrighted.

Degrees – an essential shortcut for all songwriters

In the process of organizing chord progressions a great way is to familiarize yourself with the term degrees. Instead of writing like G – D – C or D – A – G we can write I V IV and by that cover both examples. You may be puzzled with this, but the degrees are telling us the relationship of the chord according to the key (see the key and chord chart).

The notes that belong to the key of G are G, A, B, C, D, E and F. Therefore, G is number one (I), D number five (V), and C number four (IV).

Let us now look at the key of D, the notes here are D, E, F#, G, A, B and C#. Therefore, D is number one (I), A number five (V), and G number four (IV).

With this knowledge, you can use the chord progression I – V – IV in all keys and from now on you will understand what is referred to when you see progressions written in Roman numerals. Note that minor chords are written by small letters like in the chord progression vi – I – V – IV.

Read also about chord progressions in various keys and the article about chords that sound good together.

Progression written i Roman numerals

I - IV - V examples:

C – F – G

C# – F# – G#

ii - V - I examples:

Dm – G – C

Am – D – G

I - vi - ii - V7 - I examples:

D – Bm – Em – A7 - D

A – F#m – Bm – E7 – A

Some theory behind chord progressions

There is no formula that all chord progressions can be based on or deciphered from. Still, there are some knowledge that will help you if you try to construct your own progressions.

A rule of the thumb is that it will generally sound good if the chord includes one or more notes from the previous chord in a sequence. For example:

C – Em – Am

has the note construction: (c, e, g) – (e, g, b) – (a, c, e)

There are many connections, what can be noticed in the smoothness in the sound of the progression. This is, however, not constantly the case. Am and G works well together as a pair in sequences, but doesn’t share any notes: (a, c, e) and (g, b, d). Here it is another connection: notice that the notes in the G chord are all one step below the notes in the Am chord in the key of both A minor and G major.

For more information Chord Progressions For Songwriters (#CommissionsEarned) can be recommended. With 510 pages, it will learn you almost everything there is about chord progressions.

More chord progressions: Advanced chord progressions.

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