I - IV - V and I - IV - V7 progressions

Guitar background progression indicatedThe I - IV - V progression is the most common of all chord progressions. It is used in heaps of songs, either as the complete progressions or as a part of it. The I - IV – V is sooner or later prolonged to I - IV – V – I which include the “home chord” since the V built tension that wants to resolved in the I chord.

The last part (V - I) is also called a perfect cadence (a cadence is an old term that refers to a sequence of chords that ends a phrase or section a music piece).

So, to translate the roman numerals to “real” chords, here are some examples:

 

I - IV - V = D - G - A
I - IV - V - I = D - G - A - D
I - IV - V7 = D - G - A7

 

These chords can be seen in the Bob Dylan song “Mr Tambourine Man”:

The first verse starts with I - IV - V:

D [intro] (G)Hey! Mr. (A)Tambourine Man, (D)play a song for (G)me

… and concludes with I - IV - V - I:

In the (D)jingle jangle (G)morning I'll come (A)following (D)you. 

Chord diagram for progression
The chords: D, G, A

I - IV - V progressions in all keys

The progression and how it is played in all musical keys:

Key I IV V
C C F G
E E A B
A A D E
D D G A
G G C D
F F Bb C
B B E F#
Bb Bb Eb F
Eb Eb Ab Bb
Ab Ab Db Eb
Db Db Gb Ab
Gb Gb Cb Db
C# C# F# G#
D# D# G# A#
F# F# B C#
G# G# C# D#
A# A# D# F

Download a free .pdf file with the progressions including chord diagrams

I - IV - V7 progressions in all keys

The progression with a dominant 7th as the V chord in all keys:

Key I IV V
C C F G7
E E A B7
A A D E7
D D G A7
G G C D7
F F Bb C7
B B E F#7
Bb Bb Eb F7
Eb Eb Ab Bb7
Ab Ab Db Eb7
Db Db Gb Ab7
Gb Gb Cb Db7
C# C# F# G#7
D# D# G# A#7
F# F# B C#7
G# G# C# D#7
A# A# D# F7

Download a free .pdf file with the progressions including chord diagrams

I - IV - V7 progression with substitutions

The progressions must not include ordinary major and dominant 7th chords. The chords in it can be substituted in many ways. Some examples of this:


C – Fmaj7 – G9

E – Amaj7 – B7

Amaj7 – Dmaj9 – E13

D - Dsus4 - C - F

G – Csus4 – D7


In addition, other options such as bass lines can be added:

C - C/E - F - G

 

G - G/B - C - D

ii - V - I in minor keys

The ii - V - I structure can transpose into minor (becoming for example ii - V - I) with some new chord types.

Am7b5 - Dm7 - Gm7

Bm7b5 - Em7 - Am7

Dm7b5 - G7 - CmM7

Gm7b5 - C7 - FmM7


For more information about I - IV - V and other progressions, see the 500 Guitar Chord Progressions ebook. It will give you a deeper insight about how chord progressions can be constructed.

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