Sus4 chords

Sus4 chords are formed with the second note in the chord raised one step. In addition to sus4, there is sus2. In the case nothing more than "sus" is mentioned, for example Dsus, it's normally sus4 that is intended. See also common sus chords.

The sus4 chord is very close to the original major chord because only one note is changing. A comparison of C major and Csus4:

C chord diagram X32010Csus4 chord diagram
C major                                       Csus4

There are two differences: 1) on the fourth string the tone is raised one semi-step from E to F, 2) you don't play the highest open string since this is an E note. When shifting from C to Csus4 you only need to add the little finger (4) and you don't move the rest of the fingers.



  • Csus4 chord diagram X3301X


  • Dsus4 chord diagram XX0233


  • Esus4 chord diagram 022200


  • Fsus4 chord diagram


  • Gsus4 chord diagram 3X0013


  • Asus4 chord diagram X02230


  • Bsus4 chord diagram

More chords

Sus2 chords (Csus2)
7sus4 chords (C7sus4)
Barre sus chords


A common alternative fingering for Csus is X33011, which can be advantageous in progressions such as F - Fsus - Csus. Two alternative chord shapes of the suspended chords is Esus4 as 002200 or 002400. An alternative fingering for Asus4 is X00230.

Chord construction

Csus4  x - C - F - G - C - x
Dsus4  x - x - D - A - D - G
Esus4  E - B - E - A - B - E
Fsus4  x - x - F - Bb - C - F
Gsus4  G - x - D - G - C - G
Asus4  x - A - E - A - D - E
Bsus4  x - B - F# - B - E - F#
Guitar versions of the chord

Notes in chord

Csus4  C - F - G
Dsus4  D - G - A
Esus4  E - A - B
Fsus4  F - Bb - C
Gsus4  G - C - D
Asus4  A - D - E
Bsus4  B - E - F#
The intervals are 1 – 4 – 5

Chord progressions

A common practice is to alter the major with a sus chord, as in the sequence D - Dsus4 - D.

In the Tom Petty tune "Free Fallin'" a certain chord progression is used in a big part of the song:

D - Dsus4 - D - Asus4

Another progression with sus4 chords is this one:

E - Esus4 - E - D - Dsus4 - D - A - Asus4 - A

A variation with bigger movement is shown in the following sequence:

A (X07650) - Asus9 (X05430)

It's rather common to use the sus4 in the end of the verse to anticipate the chorus, a so-called imperfect cadence. One example of this can be found in the verse of "I Will Survive":

Am - Dm - G - Cmaj7 - Fmaj7 - Bm7b5 - Esus4 - E

This progression uses the suspended chord for the transition:

E - Esus4 - F#m11 (202200)

This progression use the suspended chord for creating extra tension before the major:

Asus4 - A - F#m7 - Bm7 - Esus4 - E


The suspended chords can be played inverted, some fingerings are presented here:

Csus4/G: 3X301X
Dsus4/G: 300033
Dsus4/A: X00233
Asus4/E: 002230

Note, that Dsus4/G is identical with Gsus2.

Slash chords

Some fingerings with alternative bass notes are presented here:

Esus4/F#: 202200
Asus4/B: X22230

Note, that Esus4/F# is identical with Asus2/F#.

Sus chords with sharp or flat root

F#sus4 / Gbsus4

  • Gbsus4 chord diagram

G#sus4 / Absus4

  • Absus4 chord diagram

A#sus4 / Bbsus4

  • Bbsus4 chord diagram


F#, G# and A# sus4 uses the same shape as Fsus4 (see above). The same shape can, of course, be used for C# and D# sus4 also.

Other flat and sharp suspended chords shapes

Not so common are sus chords with root notes consisting of flat or sharp notes, partly because the shapes often are inconvenient. Here are nevertheless some additional examples:

C#sus4 / Dbsus4: 444XXX
D#sus4 / Ebsus4: X11344
F#sus4/A: X03500
Absus4: XX1124

The connection between sus4 and add4

The sus4 and add4 chord types are similar, but the difference is that sus chords include three notes whereas add4 chords include four notes:

Csus4 (C-F-G) - Cadd4 (C-E-G-F)
Dsus4 (D-G-A) - Dadd4 (D-F#-A-G)
Esus4 (E-A-B) - Eadd4 (E-G#-B-A)
Fsus4 (F-Bb-C) - Fadd4 (F-A-C-Bb)
Gsus4 (G-C-D) - Gadd4 (G-B-D-C)
Asus4 (A-D-E) - Aadd4 (A-C#-E-D)
Bsus4 (B-E-F#) - Badd4 (B-D#-F#-E)

A moveable shape is 113211 (Fadd4).

Minor sus4?

The suspended 4th is neither major or minor. The chord can be written as msus4 (minor sus4), but this is actually the same as sus4, but may be written this way because of the context is minor.

Alternative chord names

Asus4 is theoretically identical with Dsus2/A.

See also, 7sus4 and 9sus4.

Back to sus chords