Drop C tuning
The Drop C tuning is mainly used in heavy metal and could give you a real heavy and bassy sound. A useful technique to implement is palm muting.
Here is how you tune the guitar: C G C F A D. From standard tuning you tune down the lowest string two whole steps and then one whole step for the rest (see the picture).
It's very important that you turn the tuning pegs in a direction that decrease the string tension and not increase them; otherwise, it's a great risk you break the strings and possible damage the guitar.
Some other chords that can be used in Drop C tuning in shorted notations:
G11: 78 10 00X
The chords above demands obviously not much. You could see the similarities of power chords (in both cases the chords are movable and only include a few and the most bassy strings) and you should also in a high degree use them in a similar way.
An interesting thing is that you can play barre chord as normal, despite the changed tuning, and they will sound good. In some cases it will also sound good and slight different from normal with open chords. Since five of six strings have been change with the same proportions (one tone down) it will still sound pretty much as usual, but slight different. Try for yourself and see.
This was an introduction about chords in drop C tuning, see also Drop D tuning.
Related to Drop C tuning is the CADGBe tuning. Notice that only the bass tone is tuned different from standard tuning in the latter case. Sometimes CADGBe is also referred to Dropped C tuning.
Since only the lowest string differs from standard tuning, many open chords could be played just as normal, but you could also choose to use alternatives like the D major and D minor in the diagrams above.