This article focusing on rock music and gives you instructions about chords and riffs that are ingredients in rock songs.
To get a rock sound we don’t need more than a few chords. Open chords, like A, D and E are well suitable for rock songs that goes for a heavy sound.
By using common open chords you can play songs like “Wild Thing” by The Troggs:
A – D – E – D – A – D – E
... or the verses to Neil Young's "Rockin' in the Free World":
Em – D – C
Customizing the chords for rock style
Some open chord can, however, work less well in rock styles. The trick is to avoid chords with many open strings, or, adjust to only play the bass notes or use alternative shapes. For example, instead for the regular G major, these are two options:
The first diagram has one less open string than the common version. And in the second version, the third (B) are removed altogether, which resembles of the power chord version, G5.
Suspended chords (Sus chords)
The Suspended chords are common in many music styles including rock songs. These chords are almost similar with the major chord with some slight difference - in general you just move one finger to change the chord, for example D Major to D Sus.
There are Suspended 4th (sus4) and Suspended 2nd (sus2), the names depending on which note in the scale that are in the chord - the second or the fourth. On the pictures below you can see some common sus chords in rock music.
Suspended chords are often used together with their relative major chords. Two famous songs written by Tom Petty can be used as examples:
The first song, "Free Fallin'", uses the following chord sequence in most of the song:
D - Dsus4 - D - Asus4
The second song, "Feel a Whole Lot Better", has a distinct riff in the verses:
A - Asus2 - A - Asus4 - A - Asus2 - A
Barre chords progression
A fatter sound can be accomplished by the use of barre chords. An elemental rock progression can go like:
Eb – Bb – Ab
Here we use the barre chords positions: X68886 (Eb), 688766 (Bb), 466544 (Ab).
By doing some of the strums with muted strings, you will create more interest to the sound.
Strumming techniques and effects
Also inportant are how you play the chords and how the guitar is configured.
Two ways to make your strumming to sound right for rock is to play mostly down strokes and with partial palm muting. The down strokes enables you to play more aggressive and the palm mutings will make it sound cool.
And, to get the right character in the sound, you will probably need some distortion. You can do this by turning the tone knob on your guitar, or, which will really make a difference, use a distortion effect.
Four popular models seen on images below:
Boss ST-2 Power Stack (1)
EarthQuaker Acapulco Gold Dist (2)
MXR M104 Distortion Plus (3)
Ibanez SMMINI Distortion Super Metal Mini (4)